Landscaping of the Archaeological Site around the
Acropolis and Filopappou Hill
Dimitris Pikionis (1887-1968)
The landscaping of the open space on the Acropolis
and Filopappou Hill is the best known work by Dimitris Pikionis and
the most important landscape architecture project in modern Athens.
It includes the landscaping of a network of access roads, paths and
sidewalks leading to the Acropolis monuments, to the Herod Atticus Theatre
and to Filopappou Hill, as well as the integration of the church of
St. Dimitrios Loumbardiaris and a refreshment centre into the area.
With unique sensitivity but also with a sense of the cultural significance
of the site, Pikionis wanted to express the historic and cultural continuity
of Hellenism. In this project he utilised forms and materials from the
ancient Hellenic, Byzantine and vernacular traditions and was constructively
influenced by the Japanese landscape architecture tradition.
The roads and buildings were planned harmoniously, aiming to create
optical lines to the monuments on the Acropolis. The treatment of the
elaborate stone-paved walkways and seating areas and the use of plants
from the Attica landscape were the product of Pikioniss thorough
The result of this search is esteemed in particular by experts as a
harmonious combination of architecture, natural landscape and historical
memory expressing the universality of the Greek spirit.