Primary School at Pefkakia
Dimitris Pikionis (1887-1968)
Despite the fact that the primary school in the middle-class
suburb of Neapoli is a benchmark work of Greek modernism, its creator
Dimitris Pikionis disowned it with the following words: "When I
finished, it did not satisfy me. And thats when I reflected that
the ecumenical spirit must be joined together with the spirit of the
The building, which is located on a steep lot at the foot of Lycabettus
Hill, was part of a school building programme in the 1930s. Pikioniss
main aim was to adapt the building to the natural slope of the ground,
which led to an original architectural solution. The public facilities
are gathered together on the highest wing on the lot, in which is the
entrance porch to the complex, while the office, cafeteria and assembly
hall are on the upper floor and the gymnasium outdoors. The classrooms
are laid out on the side of the lot in two lateral ground floor wings
in four and two modules, which follow the graded slope of the terrain
and have direct access to their own outdoor schoolyards.
The harmonious synthesis of pure geometrical volumes arranged in steps
surrounds the main outdoor yard which is on three levels. The treatment
of the volumes is plain, with obvious influences from the Modern Movement.
The façades are dominated by walls of white stucco and large
wooden window frames.